Bell Pepper is known from several names like sweet pepper, pepper were the United Kingdom, capsicum shimla mirch etc. It is found in mainly Australia, Canada, Ireland, Singapore, India, Bangladesh and New Zealand. The plant produced in different colors, such as green, red, white, yellow, Orange, chocolate, Brown, and Violet etc. The ribs and seeds inside bell peppers may be consumed, but some people find the taste to be bitter.
It’s a beautiful ornamental vegetable, which comes with the bell shapes. Which known as capsicum annuum scientifically. Green and violet colored bell pepper is a little bitter taste, while red-orange and yellow bell pepper sweet and fruity stuff. Bell Pepper is not hot. Although Bell Pepper is available in throughout the year, they are tastier in summer and early fall months. Below are some tips are given that implementing a reading nature bring you can easily grow bell pepper.
Scientific name Capsicum annuum Group
Common name Capsicum
Plant type Vegetable
Sun required Full Sun
Soil Loamy Soil/ slightly acidic
Soil pH 5.8 -6.5
How to grow Bell Pepper:
- Always to grow popular vegetable Bell pepper in your garden is pride. Bell Pepper is native to Central and North America. Growing Bell Pepper is easy to grow with below steps.
- If you do by planting the seed the bell pepper, then you start from inside the House. Bell Pepper seeds from the last frost indoors 8 weeks before.
- After seedling to keep inside a place where environment warm.
- When the soil is completely dry, then it will gradually add water.
- When your plant to grow nearly 8 inches long, Keep it outdoor.
- Bell pepper grown is most suitable for summer season. Healthy Bell Pepper plants are developed only in the summer.
- Get it fixed before growing it to be ready before the frost.
- Bell pepper like a well-drained loamy soil.
- Prepare the soil by adding the plenty of fertilizer and organic manure. Because it requires more fertilizer like spinach.
- Space the seedlings 18 to 24 inches apart in a row.
- If Bell Pepper planted near tomatoes is good.
- You must fertilizer when you pick the first crop, that will help you for another crop.
- When planting the seed, Bell Pepper it 8 days to germinate.
- Prepare the soil plenty of organic compost.
- If the more amount of nitrogen is in the plant is healthy and bushy green.
- For Bell pepper, the well-drained loam soil is the best. These plants require moisture, for maintain the moisture,
Therefore, maintaining moisture requires mulch or plastic cover.
- Bell Pepper requires regular watering, although it is sensitive to heat, if you live in a very warm environment, then give more water to your regular routine. By the way, this plant is sufficient 1 or 2 inches of water a week.
- Feed the plant after the first fruit.
- Plants bell peppers lean over the weight of the fruit, to avoid this you use the trellis or the stake.
- Spray a spoonful Epsom salt in 1 gallon of water spray to get bigger fruit, spray it when the flowers come in the plant and once again after 10 days.
- Do not use too much nitrogen fertilizer, it will reduce the yield of the fruit.
Bell pepper in a container:
- It is very easy to put the bell pepper in the container, for this you can either buy the plant from the nursery or you can develop it by seed. It requires a rich soil to be filled in the container, so you use thepotting soil. Fill the potting mix in the container for seeding. Keep two or three seeds per peat. Keep moisture until the seed has germinated.
- Choose 14 to 16-inch large containers for planting. Before planting, be sure that the container has a drainage hole or not. If not, make a hole by the drill.
- Add 1-inch thick gravel on the surface under the container, then fill the container with two-thirds potting mix and one-third compost mixture. Then add fertilizer used in the vegetable according to packet instructions.
- After this, plant one or two peppers per container. Dig the soil according to the root ball and after planting it, fill it with dirt on variables.
- Use a bamboo stake to support the Bell Pepper plant; bind it to a loose rope with the plant.
- Then put the container in the sunny place. Because this plant requires sunlight regularly for 6 to 8 hours.
- This plant needs moisture, so keep checking the moisture in the soil. Watering to maintain the moisture. Remember when watering, do not wet the foliage.
It is easy to determine when you have to do the harvesting pepper. When fruit gets 3 to 4 inches long when it’s harvesting, if the pepper some slim or small, it means pepper is not mature. If the fruit soggy, so leave on the tree for a long time.
Pests and diseases:
Aphids, Flea Beetles, and Cucumber Mosaic Virus are the main insects.